Neutering in Cats

Neutering is a surgical procedure to prevent your cat from breeding. In females, this is called ‘ spaying ‘. In men, it is called ‘ castration ‘. Because the reproductive organs are different, they are named with different names in the veterinary literature.

Both spaying and castration are done under a general anesthetic and your cat   may need to stay with your local veterinarian as a daily patient. .

Neutering offers a number of great benefits for both you and your cat. It helps keep your cat happy and healthy. Because cats can reach reproductive maturity very quickly, veterinarians recommend spaying from 4 months of age .

Neutering in Cats

Neutering of Male Cats

Neutering is a surgical procedure to prevent the reproduction of female and male cats.  In male cats, the testicles are removed for neutering. This is the main source of the hormone testosterone. As the testicles are removed, the levels of the hormone testosterone drop immediately after surgery. Sterilization involves a general anaesthetic. Your cat enters the veterinary clinic in the morning. He is discharged in the evening on the same day. Although all surgical procedures involve some risk, the risk is particularly low in male cats.

Neutering of Female Cats

Ovarian hysterectomy technique is a widely used practice for sterilization of female cats. In this technique; Both ovaries and uterus are removed. Once your cat has been neutered, she can no longer get pregnant or have a period. Female cats can theoretically become mothers from 4 months of age. For this reason, you can have your female cat spayed from the age of 4 months to prevent unwanted pregnancies.

How Long Does the Recovery Process Take in Neutered Cats?

Although all surgical procedures can be uncomfortable, recovery in cats after neutering is usually very rapid.  In most cases; Cats are mostly up for a few hours after the operation. Some pain relievers may be given during recovery. Some cats can be rested for a day following the operation. 

It takes a maximum of 10 days for the cat to return to its self, including skin healing. During these 10 days, you must keep the injured area clean and make sure that your cat does not lick the area. For this, cones are used to prevent cats and dogs from licking injured areas. Cats will naturally want to lick a wound to clean it. The most important product that can prevent bacteria from entering the sterile area is the cone. The natural healing process will be quite fast. Cats should stay at home during recovery. If your pet is trying to eat with the cone, it’s okay to remove the cone at mealtimes – just remember to watch your cat and use the cone again after he’s finished eating.

The Benefits and Harms of Neutering for Cats

  • There is no risk of pregnancy.
  • Eliminates the risk of uterine infection.  In female cats, a uterine infection (pyometra) can occur and is sometimes fatal. 
  • Neutering prevents your cat from roaming outside.  Especially in male cats, this can cause traffic accidents and losses. Cats with an urge to run away from the house can be quite creative in their escape methods, including high windows, small gaps, and other dangerous routes.
  • Cats can develop breast cancers.  Early sterilization greatly reduces the risk of these cancers occurring.

Do Neutered Cats Gain Weight?

After spaying, your cat’s caloric needs decrease.  Being neutered does not directly cause weight gain, but if your pet eats the same daily calories before and after the procedure, they may start to gain extra weight.  It will be beneficial to use neutered cat food specially formulated for sterilized pets . Or, slightly reducing your cat’s daily calories in addition to monitoring your cat’s weight will ensure your cat stays healthy and slim after the procedure.