When you adopt a cat, other responsibilities await you in addition to taking your cat into a proper nutrition program and taking care of its mouth, feathers and teeth. In order for your cat to have a healthy and long life, it should be neutered as well as vaccinated without interruption. Cats are ready for neutering when they are at most ten months old. For neutering surgery, cats are instinctively expected to show the first signs of mating desire. Even cats who are four months old can be neutered before these signs are expected. Although the neutering process can be difficult for you and your cat, it is necessary.
What is Sterilization Operation?
The most effective method used to prevent the breeding of cats is neutering operation. This operation is a serious operation performed under anesthesia, that is, by putting cats to sleep. Neutering male cats is an operation that takes approximately one hour and is usually completed without stitches. The male cat whose testicles have been removed no longer has the will to reproduce. In female cats, the ovaries and entire uterus are removed through abdominal surgery. The infertility operation of female cats is much more difficult than that of male cats, and the female cat should be kept under the supervision of a veterinarian for a while after the operation. Female and male cats do not need to mate after the neutering operation and the risk of female cats becoming pregnant is completely eliminated.
Benefits of Neutering Female Cats
As it is known, female cats can give birth three times a year. This means that with each birth, your cat’s health is put at risk and its lifespan is shorter. The fact that female cats have never given birth in their lifetime is a serious advantage for them. In addition, neutering eliminates the risk of ovarian and uterine cancer in female cats, while minimizing the possibility of breast cancer. Since the female cat no longer has a reproductive organ, it is not possible for these organs to become infected. Behavioral changes are also observed in female cats after the infertility operation. The female cat, whose stress during the heat period is gone, will be calmer and more peaceful.
Benefits of Neutering Male Cats
When male cats are neutered, the risk of cancer in the reproductive organs is eliminated and many diseases that may arise due to the male hormones they secrete can be prevented. Also, male cats tend to leave scents in their habitats to summon female cats. This happens through the urine, and the smell of the urine is quite heavy. A neutered male cat no longer has the need to leave a scent. If male cats have not gone through the neutering process, they will try to run away from the house to mate. The tendency to flee can cause many fatal accidents, and fights with other male cats inevitably lead to serious injuries. Since it will be very difficult for a cat accustomed to the house to live on the street in every respect, the male cat may not return to his home safely.
Disadvantages of Neutering in Cats
Although sterilization of cats is beneficial in many ways, it is disadvantageous in terms of obesity. The increase in appetite and decrease in mobility of cats after infertility operation increases their tendency to gain weight. Cats who have undergone surgery must be fed with neutered cat food to ensure weight control . If a cat whose reproductive organs have been removed is fed with high-calorie foods, they may encounter bad results such as diabetes, heart and joint diseases due to obesity. Choosing the right foods to prevent obesity and its accompanying diseases and playing games that will enable them to exercise with cats will solve the problem.